Social Welfare Services

  • Parent Effectiveness Services
  • Pre-Marriage Counseling
  • Self-Employment Assistance
  • Self-Enhancement
  • Community Participation
  • Issuance of I.D Cards of Senior Citizens
  • Day Care and Supplemental Feeding Services
  • Aid to Individuals in Crisis Situations
  • Productivity Skills Capability Building Referrals
  • Parental/Marriage Counseling
  • Social Preparation for People’s Participation
  • Community Volunteer Resource
  • Community Mobilization
  • Social Welfare Structure Development


General Information

Municipal Mayor Hon. Claudio C. Bonior
Class Municipality 4th
Congressional District 2nd
Congressman Hon. Roberto Cajes
Location Northeastern part of Bohol
Distance from Tagbilaran City 86 kms. (3 hours by bus)
Land Area 10,404.4335 hectares
Total No. of Barangays 18
Main Source of Livelihood Farming
Topography 65% flat & 35% rolling terrain
Soil Ubay Sandy Loam
Geology Carmen Rock Formation
Total Population (Census 2007) 22,199
Total No. of Households 4,440
Population Growth Rate 2.1%
Average Size of Households 6
Population Density 228 person per square kilometer
Religion Roman Catholic (88.52% of HH

The Municipal Seal-The Municipality’s Corporate Seal Registered with the Department of the Local and Interior Government.


The Symbols:

  1. The winged bolo which dominates the center of the seal, depict the origin of the name of the Municipality, which is the Patron Saint of the town Saint Michael the Archangel.
  1. The eighteen (18) feathers of the wings, nine (9) in the right and nine (9) in the left represents the eighteen (18) barangays of the municipality of San Miguel, bohol.
  1. The colors Blue and Red of the background symbolize the Philippine Flag and the enduring loyalty of the people of the state.
  1. The green upper background represents the agriculturally based economy of the Municipality.
  1. The golden grains represents it principal product and the bearer forming graceful are express the aspirations of the people for peace and prosperity under professionalized democratic system of governance.

The Municipal flag

(Originator: Mr. Pedro Naval)
(Improved: Mr. Ric Ramasola)



  1. A Flag shall be adopted for the Municipality of San Miguel, Bohol with inscription of twin wings.
  2. The eighteen (18) stars surrounding the circle in the center of the Municipal flag represents the eighteen (18) barangays of the Municipality of San Miguel, Bohol.
  3. The green color found in the circle depicts that our town are dominantly agricultural and the palay stalk with golden grains demonstrates that rice production in the main source of livelihood of its inhabitants.
  4. In the center of the circle are two hands in the gestures of a hand shake, which shows the unanimity of the church and the government in improving the culture and spiritual values of the people of the Municipality of San Miguel, Bohol.
  5. The sword and twin wings behind the two hands symbolize the blessing of the Patron Saint, Saint Michael the Archangel who intercedes us with the Almighty God.
  6. The Municipal Flag shall be displayed at all times in the Municipal Hall, Barangay Halls, and Schools within the territorial jurisdiction of the Municipality of San Miguel, Bohol from Monday to Friday.


Palay or Orayza Sativa (Municipal Plant) – as depicted in the Municipal Seal, the golden grains represent the product of the Municipality, it symbolizes the richness of the municipality’s heritage and culture.


Bougainvillea (Municipal flower) – symbolizes the friendliness, hospitality and dynamism of the San Miguelnon.


Tamsi or Olice-blacked Sunbird (Municipal Bird) – which stands for cooperations, freedom, unity and courage.


Municipal Officials


CLAUDIO C. BONIOR                        Municipal Mayor

JONATHAN T. REYES                       Municipal Vice Mayor


1.  Lorenzo A. Boncales Municipal Councilor
2.  Moises A. Nuez Municipal Councilor
3.  Manuel T. Gara Municipal Councilor
4.  Rogaciano C. Garay Municipal Councilor
5.  Maria Jubilin F. Tiogangco Municipal Councilor
6.  Victor R. Boncales Municipal Councilor
7.  German G. Luzon Sr Municipal Councilor
8.  Paulino P. Butal Sr Municipal Councilor
9.  Fausto Bustillos President, Liga ng mga Barangay
10. Pablo Francis Boncales President, Pambayang Pederasyon ng mga SK


Land Uses

Built up 172.81 hectares
Tourism 25 hectares
Agricultural 9,078.6835 hectares
Timberland 799.87 hectares
Easement of River/
Environmental Protection 94.6 hectares
Industrial 60 hectares
Transportation/Utilities 173.47 hectares






Bayongan 1249.5358 300 300 2,089
Bugang 443.5523 206 207 1,028
Cabangahan 345.4545 136 136 663
Cagawasan 817.4179 303 334 1,174
Caluasan 526.2714 113 183 554
Camanaga 659.7093 371 346 1,554
Camb. Norte 847.0473 293 280 1,224
Capayas 591.1399 225 227 1,062
Corazon 843.7077 259 259 1,619
Garcia 580.7650 124 114 638
Hagbuyo 364.6824 223 223 1,190
Mahayag 500.7062 448 448 2,215
Poblacion 356.8277 468 538 2,677
San Isidro 470.6226 282 287 1,511
San Jose 240.6559 137 122 657
San Vicente 251.8774 180 159 651
Sto.Niño 444.8745 146 156 705
Tomoc 869.5872 226 229 988
TOTALS 10,404.4335 4,440 4,548 22,199

Source from NSO



A. Crop Production

San Miguel has a total of approximately 9,078.6835 hectares of Agricultural Land or 87.26% of the 10,404.4335 total Municipal Land Area. Of which, 5,590 hectares or 61.57% is productive Agricultural Land While 3,842.7391 hectares or 42.33% are Marginal Land.

Productive Agricultural Areas are cultivated to the following crops, viz:

Rice              –   2,500 hectares;             Fruit Trees        –           350 hectares;

Coconut        –   2,000 hectares; Peanut              –          80 hectares;

Corn              –   400 hectares;               Root crops         –           75 hectares;

Cassava        –    500 hectares;               Sweet Potato     –           70 hectares;

Banana         –    400 hectares;               Pineapple          –           50 hectares;

Mango           –    100 hectares;

Although farming is the major livelihood of more or less 85% of the municipal population in San Miguel due its vast agricultural land. Still, the living condition of more or less 75% of the farmers remains below poverty line due to the following constraint:

a.) High Cost of Farm Inputs;

b.) Lack of Post Harvest Facilities;

c.) Lack of Capital;

d.) Lack of Lending Institutions and

e.) Unfinished irrigation Canals.

CEREAL PRODUCTION (rice and corn)     – 6,604,000 kgs or 6,604 MT

CEREAL REQUIREMENT                            – 2,356,000 Kgs or 2,356 MT

SURPLUS CEREAL PRODUCTION               – 4,248,000 Kgs or 4,248 MT


Livestock and Poultry Production in the planning area of San Miguel are approximately 20,500 heads as of 1999. Farmers in the rural areas usually have castles and carabaos as farm work animals which are also sold during emergency cases or pay tuition fees and bills etc. Goats and swine are also raised not only in the rural but also in Poblacion, usually at backyards.  There is no large- scale livestock and poultry production in the municipality.

C. Fishing

Since the Municipality of San Miguel is an interior town, supply of fish comes from the Municipality of Talibon and Ubay. However, the LGU in coordination with the Department of Agriculture have establish Small Impounding Reservoir in all of its 18 barangays where resident can avail of Tilapia’s, etc.. The estimated average volume of catch per Small Impounding Reservoirs is at 20 kilos per barangay.

D. Forestry

The Land Classified Map of San Miguel would show that the municipality has a total of 799.87 hectares of Timberlands Areas. These constitute 7.69% of the 10,404.4335 hectares total municipal land area. These are located in the Barangay Caluasan, Tomoc and Kagawasan. On the other land, Alienable and disposable land total 9,604.5635 hectares or 92.31%.



Commercial activities of San Miguel are limited to small and medium- scale categories which usually cater to the basic needs of the populace which are concentrated in the urban area (Poblacion) and barangay Mahayag, a commercial sub-growth center outside the urban area where the two (2) public markets are located.


There are 125 registered industrial establishments (including cottage and industries) in town. Of which, only the Alturas Rice mills in barangay Mahayag is categorized as Medium- scale industries. The rest belong to small- scale category.



  The municipality of San Miguel has:

  • 22 Day Care Centers
  • 9 Primary Schools
  • 9 Elementary Schools
  • 4 Secondary Schools

  Well-to-do families in town send their children either:

  • Catholic Kindergarten School in the Poblacion
  • Baptist Kindergarten School in Mahayag


Health and Sanitation

  Health personnel and facilities:

  • 1 rural health unit with 8 health personnel
  • 1 municipal infirmary with 7 health personnel
  • 3 barangay health stations which are distributed according to designate zones in the area with 5 assigned midwives

  Causes of Deaths:

  • Cardiovascular Diseases (Hypertension, Congestive heart failure)
  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
  • Thyocardial Infraction
  • Accident
  • Cancer
  • Septicemia
  • Chronic Renal Failure

  Solid Waste Disposal

  • Dumping site at Kagawasan

(Closed February 2006)


Productivity Services

Protective Services in San Miguel are limited to the Policeman and the Barangay Tanods. There are no existing private security agencies in town, but the Alturas Rice mill in Barangay Mahayag has its own private security from one of the security and detective agencies in Tagbilaran City.

The PNP in San Miguel has total police force of only 16, serving a total population of more or less 23,695. This would show a policeman/population ratio of 1:1,480 which is below par the standard police to population ratio of at least 1:500. The Barangay Tanods on the other hand had total 222 for the whole municipality, but varies in force in every barangay.

Sports and Recreation

Sports activities commonly enjoined by the people in San Miguel are Tennis, Basketball and Volleyball. Every barangay has at least 300 to 600 square meters allocated for basketball court as it is the favorite pastime of the youths and the middle-aged people in town. An inter-barangays sport festival is usually held once or twice a year in the town.

Cockfighting is also considered as one of the most loved pastime by older people in the municipality.

Environmental Management

Generally, San Miguel is clean and free from air, water and noise pollution because of its rural atmosphere with no existing heavy manufacturing industries at present. The environment has cool and fresh air since it is blessed with natural resources like forests, mountains, hills and rivers with vast agricultural lands. It has two (2) river basins which supply surface water to the municipality, namely: Ipil River Basin and the Inabanga River Basin (which is part of Inabanga Watershed per Presidential Proclamation No. 468)

Tree Planting which had been a perennial activity of the LGU ever since the time of the late President Ferdinand Marcos to the present, has contributed much in keeping environment healthy. Aside from replacing those which are illegally cut-off, reports from the barangay level would show a minimized cases of soil erosion and soil landslide occurrence since all denuded and critical areas are now covered by second growth forest trees.

As to cemeteries, the town has a total of 3, namely: the Catholic Cemetery – 1 hectare, the Municipal Cemetery – .1 of a hectare and the Protestant or UCCP Cemetery – .2 of hectares.



A. Road & Bridges

The municipality of San Miguel has a total road length of 90.38% kms. Broken down as follows: National – 10 kms., Provincial – 23 kms., Municipal – 7.91 kms., Barangay – 49.47%  kms. And Private – undetermined.

B. Water

A. Urban Area

Water system in the Urban Area (Poblacion) had improved a lot ever since the Central Visayas Water And Sanitation Project (CWSP), a Philippine-Australian Joint Project had constructed a Level II Water System which is now expanding to Level III.

As of 1999, not of the 3,640 total Municipal Households, only 386 belong to the urban area (Poblacion). Of the 386 households in the urban area, only 239 households or 61.91% are served by the level Water System (6 shallow wells and 2 deep wells). About 120 (31.09%) households have level II Water System is a submersible pump with a capacity of 14 gallons per minute and is distributed through a piping system from a water tank.

B. Rural Areas

In the rural area, there are 216 sources of level I Water System, of which, 197 shallow wells and 19 area deep wells. Approximately, only 3,178 households or 97.69% of the 3,253 total households in the rural areas are served by the level I Water System. About 75 households or 2.31% are rain fed and river fed.

Barangay Corazon and San Jose have also an existing Level II Water System funded under BIARSP and CIDDS Programs.

C. Power

The whole planning area of San Miguel is energized by the Bohol Electric Cooperative II (BOHECO II).

A large number of consumer are in the urban areas. This is followed by barangay Mahayag (a Sub-growth center) and Cagawasan.


Transportation and Communication

From the neighboring provinces of Cebu and Leyte, the planning area could be easily reached via the Piers in Talibon, Ubay or Getafe. Which is nearer and cheaper compared to traveling via Tagbilaran City Pier.

The post office of the Philippine Postal Corporation located within the Municipal Building serves as a commercial postal service facility for the people in the urban area and other barangays in the lowland areas. However, for the resident of the hinterland barangays, it is too tiring and time consuming to come to the municipal building in order to mail a letter or send a package. There is only sub-post office in the rural areas and that is located in Barangay Mahayag.

The bureau of telecommunications and the RDO ICOM IC – M700 are the telegraph facility in San Miguel.

There are two (2) Cellular Phone Networks operating in the San Miguel at present. These are the Smart Telecommunication and the Globe Telecommunication. Globelines is also serving the municipality   with its Aerial Telephone Services wherein a couple of resident s including the LGU has availed of these services.

The PNP has a Base Radio (BLECS) and all barangay captains in the municipality are provided a radio transceivers by the Local Government Unit.


Housing and Shelter

As of 1990, San Miguel had 3,096 total households and 3,068 total housing units. F which, 3,033 (98.86%) are single and 22 (.72%) are duplex. The rest are multi-unit residential – 10 (.32%) and Commercial/Industrial/Agricultural living quarters – 3 (.01%).

Of the 3,033 total single housing units in town, only 325 or 10.71% are constructed in the urban (Poblacion) and 2,708 o 89.28% are found in the rural areas.

Administrative and Expenditure

The Municipality is composed of 12 offices with a total of 113 total municipal employees, of which, 50 are permanent, 60 are casuals and 3 are contractuals. There are still mandatory positions which are not yet filled-up but are already created and funded. The town has II elective positions. I coterminous, 30 civil services eligible.

The Municipal had a total income of P33, 781,703.18 and an appropriation expenditure of P24, 260,953.02 in 2006. Sources of revenues in town are real property taxes, local taxes aids and allotments (BIR and National Aids / IRA), earnings from government business operations and operating and service income, loans and borrowings (domestic and foreign) and miscellaneous income.


Department Heads

jesus macua





Municipal Budget Officer


Municipal Engineer


Municipal Civil Registrar